ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY | SEPTEMBER 13, 2015

We love to research interesting facts so much, we have created the “On This Day In History” regular posts on our blog.  You’d be amazed at what has happened or is happening today.

History In the Making

1503

Michelangelo begins work on his David.

1609

Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.

1788

NY City becomes 1st capital of U.S. [USA]

1789

Start of the US National Debt as the government took out its first loan, borrowed from the Bank of North America (NYC) at 6 percent interest. The US debt had reached $77 million when Washington became president. [USA]

Guardsmen in Orleans, France, opened fire on rioters trying to loot bakeries, killing 90. [FRANCE]

1814

Francis Scott Key pens a poem which is later set to music and in 1931 becomes America’s national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.” The poem, originally titled “The Defence of Fort McHenry,” was written after Key witnessed the Maryland fort being bombarded by the British during the War of 1812. Key was inspired by the sight of a lone U.S. flag still flying over Fort McHenry at daybreak, as reflected in the now-famous words of the “Star-Spangled Banner”: “And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.”

1848

Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives a 3-foot 7-inch (1.1 m) iron rod being driven through his head; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions. [USA]

1851

Walter Reed (d.1902), U.S. Army doctor, was born in Gloucester County, Va. In 1900 he went to Cuba and verified that yellow fever was caused by a mosquito. [USA]

1857

Milton S. Hershey, chocolate manufacturer and philanthropist, was born in Dauphin County, Pa. [USA]

1859

In San Francisco David C. Broderick, a US Senator, faced David S. Terry, Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, in a duel at Lake Merced. Broderick was hit in the chest and died after 60 hours. Terry resigned his position and was charged with murder, but not convicted. [USA]

1881

Lewis Latimer invented and patented an electric lamp with a carbon filament.

1898

Hannibal Williston Goodwin patented celluloid photographic film, which is used to make movies.

20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike. [PARIS]

1899

The first reported fatal car accident in the US was in Ohio when Henry H. Bliss, a “real estate dealer” was hit by an electric taxi as he exited a trolley on West 74th Street and Central Park West. [USA]

1906

1st airplane flight in Europe

1922

In El Azizia, Libya, the highest shade temperature was recorded at 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit. [lIBYA]

A major fire began to ravage Smyrna, Greece, shortly following occupation by Turkish troops under Mustafa Kemal. The fire lasted 4 days. [GREECE]

1926

The Post Office Department sent a memo to it’s army of 25,000 railway mail clerks an order to shoot to kill any bandits attempting to rob the mail, this follows an ever increasing number of robberies by bandits on the mail service which carries millions of dollars worth of mail every day. They also issued a statement saying that if the robberies continue the marines will be bought in again to protect the mail. [USA]

1931

A major hurricane has devastated Belize in British Honduras with at least 700 dead, and they are requesting assistance in the form of medical supplies. The first ships from Great Britain and America are starting to arrive and reports are coming in that very little is left standing in the city with bodies laying in the streets.  [BELIZE]

1935

Aviator Howard Hughes, Jr., of Houston, set a new airspeed record of 352 mph with his H-1 airplane (Winged Bullet).

Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway.

1939

Canada enters World War II.

1940

Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs. [UK]

1948

The School of Performing Arts opened in New York City. It was the first public school to specialize in performing arts. [USA]

Margaret Chase Smith was elected to the U.S. Senate and became the first woman to serve in both houses of the U.S. Congress. [USA]

1949

The Ladies Professional Golf Association of America was formed. [USA]

1951

In Korea, U.S. Army troops began their assault in Heartbreak Ridge. The month-long struggle would cost 3,700 casualties. [KOREA]

1956

IBM Introduces the worlds first production hard disk the “IBM 305” which stored five megabytes of data. To put this in perspective a modern USB drive stores 2 gig or more ( 400 times more than the first hard drive just 50 years ago ) and fits on a key chain , the first IBM weighed over a ton and needed a fork lift to move it.  [USA]

1960

VP Richard Nixon campaigned in San Francisco and 40,000 came to Union Square as he promised to keep the US military as the strongest in the world. [USA]

1961

Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit.

1962

Pres. John F. Kennedy signed a bill into law creating the Point Reyes National Seashore. Boyd Stewart, a Marin, Ca., cattleman, helped create the Point Reyes National Seashore on 70,000 acres of grassland. [USA]

1970

The first New York City Marathon took place. Fireman Gary Muhrucke won the race. [USA]

1971

In New York, National Guardsmen stormed the Attica Correctional Facility and put an end to the four-day revolt. A total of 43 people were killed in the final assault. A committee was organized to investigate the riot on September 30, 1971. [USA]

The World Hockey Association was formed.

1973

Congress passes & sends a bill to Nixon to lift football’s blackout. [USA]

1974

Stevie Wonder started his first tour since his near-fatal car accident. [USA]

1975

Hurricane Eloise, kills 71 in Caribbean & U.S.

1977

The first diesel automobiles were introduced by General Motors, an Olds 88. [USA]

1st TV viewer discretion warning-Soap Drama. [USA]

Kilauea volcano began erupting in Hawaii. [USA]

1978

In a crackdown on immunization policy many thousands of children have been sent home from school for failure to have proof of proper immunization, state laws require immunization for Diphtheria, Tetanus, Polio, Rubella prior to starting school, and the numbers who have not been immunized prior to starting school has been increasing each year.  [USA]

1st flight of McDonnell Douglas F-18A Hornet. [USA]

1979

China performs nuclear test. [CHINA]

1982

Princess Grace of Monaco died at the age of 52 because of injuries she suffered the day before in a car crash. She was formerly actress Grace Kelly. [USA]

50 die in Spantax Airlines DC-10 on takeoff from Malaga. [SPAIN]

1985

Nintendo releases Super Mario Bros. [USA]

1987

“Goinia accident: A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goinia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and leading some to die from radiation poisoning.”

Paul Lynch of Great Britain does 32,573 push-ups in 24 hours.

1988

Forecasters reported that Hurricane Gilbert’s barometric pressure measured 26.13. It was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere.

A Cuban diplomat opened fire in a crowded London street because of an American plot to make him defect, his government says. [UK]

1990

Commuter train at Johannesburg South Africa attacked, 36 die. [S AFRICA]

Iraqi troops storm residence of French ambassador in Kuwait. [KUWAIT]

1991

55 ton concrete beam falls in Montreal’s Olympic Stadium. [CANADA]

1992

A mother who claims her 9-week old daughter was killed by a dingo appears in an Australia charged with her murder.

1993

Queens NY begins required recycling. [USA]

1994

U.S. President Bill Clinton signed a $30 billion crime bill into law.  [USA]

Space probe Ulyssus passes south pole of Sun.

1995

The FBI made at least a dozen arrests, capping a nationwide two-year investigation of pedophiles and pornographers using the America Online computer network. [USA]

The hole in the Earth’s ozone layer was growing fast and was twice the size it was in 1994. It now reached about the size of Europe.

1996

Hurricane Hortense headed north with winds at 140 mph.

1998

The New York Times closed its Web site after hackers added offensive material.  [USA]

1999

At least 118 people were killed when a bomb exploded in Moscow, Russia.  The terrorist bombing campaign has continued with as many as 100 deaths including women and children in the latest bombing of an apartment block in the city. This is the forth major bombing in the last two weeks bringing the death toll to 300. No group has yet claimed responsibility but many are blaming Islamic guerrilla groups for the murders. [RUSSIA]

Hurricane Floyd with winds at 150 mph stretched out for 700 miles and approached the Florida coast as over a million people were ordered to evacuate the coast. [USA]

In Turkey a 5.8 aftershock at Golcuk left at least 7 people dead and over 420 injured. [TURKEY]

In Zimbabwe AIDS activists gathered in Lusaka for a 4-day conference on the disease that had already killed 11 million Africans. 5 Africans were being infected every 2 minutes. [ZIMBABWE]

2000

In Albuquerque, NM, former Los Alamos scientist Wen Ho Lee pled guilty to one count of mishandling nuclear secrets. [USA]

In Indonesia a car bomb exploded in the garage of the Jakarta stock exchange and at least 13-15 people were killed. [INDONESIA]
2001

U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell named Osama bin Laden as the prime suspect in the terror attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. Limited commercial flights resumed in the U.S. for the first time in two days.  [USA]

Commercial air traffic restarts from most airports in the U.S. after all air traffic had been grounded following the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11. After another night of firefighters and rescue workers digging through the rubble of the twin towers hopes are fading to find any further live survivors of the bombing, the current toll is an estimated 20,000 missing. [USA]

The data flight recorder for United Flight 93 was found at the Pennsylvania crash site. In the Sep 11 terrorist attack, 18 hijackers were identified as ticketed passengers. [USA]

In Utah Amtrak’s California Zephyr train crashed into a freight train near the Nevada border. 6 people were injured. [USA]

In Estonia the death toll from tainted alcohol, consumed in or near the seaside resort of Parnu, rose to 51. At least 85 more remained hospitalized and methanol was blamed. [ESTONIA]

2004

A protestor representing the “Fathers 4 Justice campaign” dressed as Batman who broke into the grounds of Buckingham Palace and was protesting on a ledge by the Buckingham Palace balcony has been bought down by police after 5 hours, the protest has raised a number of questions concerning Buckingham Palace Security. [UK]

TV talk-show host Oprah Winfrey gives a brand-new Pontiac G-6 sedan, worth $28,500, to everyone in her studio audience: a total of 276 cars in all.) Oprah had told her producers to fill the crowd with people who “desperately needed” the cars, and when she announced the prize (by jumping up and down, waving a giant keyring and yelling “Everybody gets a car! Everybody gets a car!”), mayhem–crying, screaming, delirium, fainting–broke out all around her. It was, as one media expert told a reporter, “one of the great promotional stunts in the history of television.” [USA]

The US ban on assault rifles, signed in 1994 by Pres. Clinton, expired. The expiration means firearms like AK-47s, Uzis and TEC-9s can now be legally bought. [USA]

Scientists reported a new type of cancer-influencing gene that can either suppress or trigger tumors. [USA]

2005

Pres. Bush said he accepted responsibility for shortcomings in the federal government’s response to Hurricane Katrina. [USA]

Pres. Bush met briefly with Chinese Pres. Hu Jintao in NYC on the sidelines of the opening session of the UN General Assembly. Bush sought China’s help to stop nuclear weapons programs in North Korea and Iran and won a pledge from President Hu Jintao to step up pressure on Pyongyang. [USA]

Louisiana authorities charged the owners of a New Orleans area nursing home with negligent homicide in the deaths of 34 patients in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. The state death toll was raised to 423. [USA]

The New Orleans Airport resumed commercial operations. [USA]

The Dutch government said it plans to open an electronic file, effective Jan 1, 2007, on every child at birth as a tool to spot and protect the troubled kids of the future. [DUTCH]

2006

In California water users and environmentalists announced a settlement that requires Friant to release 364,000 to 462,000 acre-feet of water in normal years to the San Joaquin River, the state’s 2nd longest river. [USA]

NASA scientists said the ice in the Arctic Sea is melting in winter as well as in summer, likely due to global warming. The ice was reportedly melting at 9% a decade. [WORLD]

A man in a black trench coat opened fire at a downtown Montreal college, slaying a young woman, Anastasia De Sousa (18), a student at Dawson College, and wounding at least 19 other people before police shot and killed him. Officials soon identified the killer as Kimveer Gill (25), resident of a Montreal suburb. [CANADA]

In South Korea hundreds of workers bulldozed homes in a village to make way for the expansion of a US military base set to become the Americans’ new headquarters, despite strong objections from protesters. [SOUTH KOREA]

2007

In Philadelphia police chief Sylvester Johnson acknowledged that police alone could not quell the city’s deadly violence and planned to introduce “Call to Action: 10,000 Men,” an effort to get volunteers on the streets as of Oct 21. [USA]

The NFL fined New England Patriots coach Bill Belichick $500,000 and the team $250,000 for spying on the New York Jets during a game. [USA]

In Florida Shawn Sherwin Labeet (25) opened fire on 4 Miami-Dade county police officers during a traffic stop killing officer Jose Somohano (37). Labeet was found and killed hours later. [USA]

The X PRIZE Foundation and Google Inc. announced the Google Lunar X PRIZE, a robotic race to the Moon to win a remarkable $30 million prize purse, so long as the task is completed by 2012. [USA]

Afghan police in Helmand province shot and killed a would-be suicide bomber before he could detonate his explosives. [AFGHANISTAN]

Three powerful earthquakes jolted Indonesia in less than 24 hours, triggering tsunami alerts and sending panicked residents fleeing to high ground. At least 10 people were killed in the tremors. [INDONESIA]

2008

Hurricane Ike ravaged the Texas coast with 110 mph winds, flooding thousands of homes and businesses, shattering windows in Houston’s skyscrapers and knocking out power to millions of people. Ike left at least 37 people dead in Texas, including 5 on Galveston Island, and 35 more dead across 10 states. Galveston later requested $2.2 billion in disaster relief. This amounted to about $36,000 per resident. Officials later estimated that damages from Ike could exceed $50 billion. [USA]

A fiery bus crash in China’s Sichuan province killed 51 people. [USA]

In India a coordinated series of bombings struck crowded shopping areas across New Delhi, killing 21 people with over 100 wounded. 5 bombs exploded and 3 were defused. India blamed a group with ties to Lashkar-e-Taiba. A Muslim extremist group claimed responsibility for the explosions. [NEW DELHI]

Nepalese police said at least six people have been killed in southern Nepal in rampages by wild elephants in the last two days. [NEPAL]

Pres. Bush in a nationwide address said the US engagement in Iraq would stretch beyond his presidency. Bush said he wanted gradual US troop withdrawals from the country and that 5,700 US forces in Iraq would be home by Christmas and at least 21,500 would return by July, 2008, [USA]

2009

An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 hit 65 miles outside of Caracas, Venezuela. The quake left some areas without power, but there were minimal injuries and only some damage to buildings. [VENEZUELA]

It was reported that the hoki fish, harvested in the deep waters around New Zealand, had declined substantially. Hoki, the main ingredient in McDonald’s Fillet-O-Fish sandwich, was also used by Denny’s and Long John Silver’s restaurants. From 1996 to 2001 some 275,000 tons were harvested by factory trawlers. The allowed catch was reduced to 100,00 tons in 2007 and 2008. [NEW ZEALAND]

The Afghan health ministry said it has so far recorded 673 cases of cholera countrywide in almost a third of the country’s 34 provinces, including Kabul. No deaths have been reported. A British soldier was killed in an attack on a foot patrol in Helmand province. A 2nd NATO service member died in a bomb blast in the south. [AFGHANISTAN]

In Hong Kong a construction platform inside an elevator shaft collapsed, sending 5 workers 20 stories down to their deaths inside a skyscraper. One worker was injured. [HONG KONG]

In southeast Kazakhstan 37 people were killed when a fire ripped through a decrepit drugs treatment facility in Taldykorgan.

2010

Raul Castro, head of the Cuban government, declares they will lay off half a million state workers to improve their economy by the middle of 2011. [CUBA]

The United Nations appoints Russia diplomat, Yury Fedotov, to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UN]

The US government and the chocolate industry pledged $17 million to help end child labor — some of it forced and dangerous — in Ghana and the Ivory Coast, where much of the world’s cocoa is grown. [USA]

US health officials reported that an infectious-disease nightmare is unfolding: Bacteria that have been made resistant to nearly all antibiotics by an alarming new gene have sickened people in three states and are popping up all over the world. [USA]

US EPA officials said that a leak in an oil pipeline in Reomeoville, Illinois, has stopped. The volume spilled in the Chicago suburb was unknown. The pipeline was owned by Enbridge Energy Partners. [USA]

In California PG&E said it will spend as much as $100 million to help rebuild the San Bruno neighborhood recently devastated by the Sep 9 rupture of a gas line. The relief fund would be independent of legal claims and the cost of replacing homes damaged by fires. [USA]

Photos of a Louisiana waterway, its surface completely covered with dead sea life were distributed to local media by Plaquemines Parish President Billy Nungesser. This stretch of coastal Louisiana was hit hard this summer by oil from BP’s busted Gulf well. [USA]

The Belgian Roman Catholic church acknowledged widespread sexual abuse over years by its clergy and pleaded for time to set up a system to punish all abusers and provide closure for victims. [BELGIUM]

A Canadian police study said human trafficking groups have exploited Canada’s visa rules to bring victims from Europe and Asia to work in the illegal sex trade. [CANADA]

Amnesty International said tens of thousands of detainees are being held without trial in Iraqi prisons and face violent and psychological abuse as well as other forms of mistreatment.

South Korea announced plans to send 5,000 tons of rice and other aid to flood-stricken North Korea in a sign of easing tension between the divided countries. [SOUTH KOREA]

2011

Nine North Korean refugees were found sailing to Japan by the Japanese coast guard. The group stated that they had been sailing for five days trying to make their way to South Korea. [KOREA]

The Census Bureau released its annual report. It said that the ranks of America’s poor swelled to almost 1 in 6 people last year, reaching a new high as longterm unemployment left millions of Americans struggling and out of work. The number of uninsured edged up to 49.9 million, the biggest in more than two decades. A 2010 income of  $11,139 defined the poverty level for an individual or $22,314 for a family of four. [USA]

In Puerto Rico a 14-year-old girl went on a playground rampage with a hypodermic needle, stabbing 37 classmates in the southern coastal town of Arroyo. On Dec 2 she was sentenced to two years of probation. [PUERTO RICO]

The British House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee announces its intention to recall James Murdoch as its probe into the News International phone hacking scandal ( Employees of the News of the World accused of engaging in phone hacking, police bribery, and exercising improper influence in the pursuit of publishing stories. Investigations conducted from 2005–2007 concluded that the paper’s phone hacking activities were limited to celebrities, politicians and members of the British Royal Family. )continues. [UK]

In Pakistan, over 5,000 people reportedly are infected with Dengue fever. [PAKISTAN]

4 men arrested for the 2011 failed Gothenburg terrorist attack are believed to be linked to the Al-Qaeda terrorist network. [SWEDEN]

2012

Mayor Bloomberg’s appointed health board approved a ban of large sized soft drinks in the city of New York. Bloomberg called for the action as a way to reduce obesity and other health problems but opponents are vowing to fight the decision in court, stating that it should be up to companies and individuals whether they sell large drinks or choose to purchase large drinks. [USA]

19 people are killed after a freight elevator crashes from 100 meters in Wuhan. [CHINA]

33,000 people are evacuated after Guatemala’s Volcano of Fire erupts. [GUATEMALA]

2013

30 people are killed by a mosque bombing attack in Baghdad [IRAQ]

9 people are killed after massive floods in Galati County. [ROMANIA]

In Colorado, thousands are evacuated due to heavy floods in Boulder County; four people are reported dead and 80 missing. [USA]

2014

At least 8 people are killed after the ferry MV Maharlika II sinks off the Philippines coast. [PHILIPPINES]

40 people are killed after T. B. Joshua’s The Synagogue Church of All Nations collapses. [NIGERIA]

2015

Lydia Ko of New Zealand becomes the youngest winner of a golf major winning the Evian Championship in France aged 18yrs, 142 days. [FRANCE]

Governor of California Jerry Brown declares a State of Emergency after wildfires devastate Lake and Napa counties. [USA]

EU Migrant Crisis: Germany introduces temporary border controls to cope with huge migrants numbers. [GERMAN]

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