National Preparedness Month | Day 3 | Create a First Aid Kit

PURPOSE

Creating a First Aid Kit in general, is a great tool to have for non-emergencies, such as a sunburn, bug bite, a cut or scrape.  Treating yourself or a family member not needing a higher level of emergency care.

We recommend that you put together a First Aid Kit for your home, car and place of business.

RECOMMENDED CONTENTS

There are several types of First Aid Kits that we will be discussing here are for your home, car and place of business.

We prefer a more lighter case like a duffel bag that has been lined with plastic to protect your contents but other sources recommend something like a metal case

Reference

  • First Aid reference booklet

Bleeding and Wound Care

  • Large absorbent dressings/AB pads (5”x9” or larger)
  • Sterile gauze pads, various sizes
  • Roll bandages, various sizes
  • Steri-strips (butterfly bandages)
  • Adhesive tape
  • Syringe or squeeze bottle
  • Antiseptic solution or wipes
  • Antibacterial soap
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Blood stopper powder

Sprains & Strains

  • Ace™-type roll compression bandage
  • Splinting material
  • Triangular bandages

Burns

  • Burn gels and ointments
  • Burn pads

Bloodbourne Pathogens Protection

  • CPR barrier
  • Gloves (latex or nitrile) – at least 2 pairs
  • Hand sanitizer (with high % of alcohol]

This First Aid Kit recommendations are for those emergencies that may or may not require 9-1-1 to respond or if you are in an area where 9-1-1 may be delayed due to being in an remote area or if during a Disaster event.

Knowing when to call 9-1-1 if one of the following occurs:

  • Persistent chest pain, especially if it radiates to your arm or jaw or is accompanied by sweating, vomiting or shortness of breath
  • Persistent shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Severe pain, particularly in the abdomen or starting halfway down the back
  • Loss of balance or fainting
  • Difficulty speaking, altered mental status or confusion
  • Weakness or paralysis
  • Severe heart palpitations
  • Sudden, severe headache
  • Sudden testicular pain and swelling
  • Newborn baby with a fever
  • Intestinal bleeding
  • Falls with injury or while taking blood thinning medications
  • Loss of vision
  • Broken bones or dislocated joints
  • Deep cuts that require stitches – especially on the face
  • Head or eye injuries
  • Severe flu or cold symptoms
  • High fevers or fevers with rash
  • Bleeding that won’t stop or a large open wound
  • Vaginal bleeding with pregnancy
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Serious burns
  • Seizures without a previous diagnosis of epilepsy
  • An elderly person falls and needs assistance

PURCHASING A FIRST AID KIT

We Love the American Red Cross and everything they do for others during times of emergencies, disasters and teaching people about Disaster/Emergency Preparedness. Though we do not represent or speak on their behalf, we can tell you what a great non-profit organization they are whom have helped hundreds, if not thousands of people along the way.

When it comes to First Aid Kits and you may find putting one together may be too difficult or time-consuming, try looking online to purchase one from the American Red Cross.  While you’re online,  sign up for a CPR/First Aid/AED class while you are it. You’ll be glad that you did.

BE PRO-ACTIVE, NOT REACTIVE

While we may have left out many items in what should go in a First Aid Kit, we are hoping to inspire you to start thinking about having available a First Aid Kit for your home, business and vehicle.  Now, is the time to start putting them together. There are many resources out there that can help you or you can simply go online and purchase one or more yourself.

 

The following sites were used to glean portions of information for this post.  To find more information on this top, we recommend visiting these sites below.

[Sources:  The Preparedness Blog [http://preparednessadvice.com/medical/a-good-list-of-first-aid-supplies/#.Ve0E9n3LI1A], Scripps [http://www.scripps.org/news_items/4231-should-you-go-to-the-emergency-room-or-urgent-care%5D, American Red Cross [http://www.redcrossstore.org/]

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog