Disaster News | California Areas Touched by Aftershocks

UPDATE 3 – JULY 7, 2019 – SUNDAY

INCIDENT SUMMARY

What appeared as an isolated incident of a single quake with multiple aftershocks, turned out to be nothing more than a fore shock and something we don’t hear much about – until today.  The original large quake that would shake near the Ridgecrest area of Kern County, California was measured at 6.4M This occurred on Thursday, July 4, 2019.  It was being called a foreshock (prior to the actual quake).

A 7.1M rocked the Ridgecrest area on July 5th causing widespread power outages, gas leaks, structure fires and many EMS calls, with most of them being for short of breath incidents.  Roads were reported buckling and separating roadways, all the way across.

DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS

Epicenter | Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake | 150 miles N of Los Angeles

Credit: US Military

The NAWS China Lake Station is about 150 miles north of Los Angeles and at the epicenter. No casualties or injuries were reported. All buildings were found to be structurally sound and still standing.

Kern County | Commercial Structural Damage 

On July 6th, the Governor of California was out to businesses and areas to view the hardest hit areas.

Image

Credit: CA Gov Office

Kern Co Damage | GOP Leader Visit

On the afternoon of July 5th, GOP Leader Kevin McCarthy met with local Officials and 1st Responders to discuss post-earthquake efforts and tour some of the damaged areas firsthand in Kern County.

Kern County | Mobile Home Park

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Businesses suffered greatly. | Credit: Kevin McCarthy, GOP Leader

City of Trona | 20 miles E of Ridgecrest

The City of Trona’s one and only water pipeline has been reported to have several cracks.  Repairs are currently ongoing and they are working to fix their main water resources.  On July 6, 2019, after the quake hit – there were reports of being extremely hit hard and had no power or water.

Between Trona & Ridgecrest | SR 178

CHP and CALtrans District 9 assess one of the major roadways at night of a serious large fracture.  This is on SR 178 between Trona and Ridgecrest.

Image

Credit: CALtrans

Kern County | Ridgecrest Regional Hospital

After the 6.4M quake on Thursday, July 4th, the hospital began evacuating some patients due to reported structural damage inside the building. No word on any further damage after the 7.1M quake on Friday or if additional patients were moved from the facilities.   An ambulance strike team from Bakersfield was due to assist with evacuations.

INCIDENT COOPERATORS:

CAL OES | Local Leaders giving briefings

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Credit: CAL OES

 Los Angeles County FD | OES Haz-Mat 811 is surveying the damage.

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Credit: LACoFD

Orange County Fire Authority | OCFA Heavy Rescue 6 out at the China Lake Naval Weapons Center conducting a damage assessment at the facility.

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Credit: OCFA PIO

DISASTER FACT | The Searles and Little Areas are being touched by many Aftershocks in the last 24-48 hours.

Public Health Deployed | Kern Co FD – OES

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Credit: KCFD – OES

SHELTER 

An American Red Cross shelter has been opened at the Kerr McGee Community Center located at 100 W California Avenue, Ridgecrest, CA.

 PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS

Closures | Ridgecrest DMV * CLOSED * Monday, July 8th.  Appointments will be honored at nearby field offices. This location is being inspected for structural damage and making repairs. (dmv.ca.gov)

Free Transportation | Trona area residents can receive FREE transportation at the high school to the Ridgecrest Shelter located at the Kerr McGee Center.

Red Cross Services | The Red Cross is currently distributing water, food, clean up kits in the communities of Trona and Ridgecrest.  These are FREE services.

Image

Credit: ARC

Natural Gas Service | PGE reminds its customers that if you have HAD your gas turned off, not to turn it back on yourselves but to call 800-743-5000 to have service resumed.

Crisis Support | Quakes can be stressful, for Mental Health Crisis Support, contact the Behavioral Health Crisis Hotline at 800-991-5272 or the local Crisis Support Center at 760-463-2880.

How to Prepare for Emergencies | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/mobile-apps.html

When to Do When the Shaking Starts | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/earthquake.html

How to Prep for Aftershocks | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/earthquake.html

Report Structural Damage |  Kern County/Ridgecrest residents only by calling 760-499-5083 or contact by email:  quakedamage@ridgecrest-ca.gov

Donations for Quake Victims | Red Cross | 800-RED-CROSS or go to redcross.org

SOCIAL MEDIA | Taken from Eyewitness Accounts Reported on Social Media

“It was like violent shaking, things breaking.”

“No damage in Anaheim reported. Keep 9-1-1 lines open for emergencies.” – Anheim PD

The strongest quake to hit Southern CAL in 20 years.” – Media

Multiple tweets sent to President, asking for assistance. – Multiple Users

“San Bernardino County reported no injuries, but significant instrastructure damage.” – Media user.

“I could feel the quake all the way down here.” – Las Vegas (NV) resident.

“Ridgecrest is far from LA. It felt small compared to aftershocks of Northridge in 1994.  They (Ridgecrest) does not have the population or infrastructure LA has. There is no damage here (LA).” – Media poster.

“There’s quite a bit of damage that needs to be fixed. We have red tags everywhere and the assessment isn’t even done yet. There’s a lot not being showing on the news.” – Media user.

(c) 2019 NW Fire Blog – Updated @ 2111 Hours PDT 

Disaster News | California Suffers From Another Large Quake

UPDATE 2 – JULY 6, 2019 – SATURDAY

INCIDENT SUMMARY

What appeared as an isolated incident of a single quake with multiple aftershocks, turned out to be nothing more than a fore shock and something we don’t hear much about – until today.  The original large quake that would shake near the Ridgecrest area of Kern County, California was measured at 6.4M. This occurred on Thursday, July 4, 2019.

DISASTER FACT | 200+ Quakes measured 2.5M + have occurred between both the 6.4M – 7.1M quakes. – USGS

Today’s large quake originally measured at 6.9M has been elevated to a 7.1M with more aftershocks to come in the following minutes, to hours, to days or even months.

SHELTER 

An American Red Cross shelter has been opened at the Kerr McGee Community Center located at 100 W California Avenue, Ridgecrest, CA.

 PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS

How to Prepare for Emergencies | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/mobile-apps.html

When to Do When the Shaking Starts | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/earthquake.html

How to Prep for Aftershocks | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/earthquake.html

Report Structural Damage | Ridgecrest residents only | 760-499-5083. City or County inspections are onsite.

Donations for Quake Victims | Red Cross | 800-RED-CROSS or go to redcross.org

SOCIAL MEDIA

We have currently signed off and going out of service on this incident as we will be out of town this weekend but staying on the Ridgecrest Earthquake Fire news watch.  We will continue postings but they may be delayed.

To stay more up-to-date on fire news coverage, please follow us on our Twitter @nwfireblog for live updates. Please stay safe out there, wherever you may travel or be deployed to. We appreciate everything you all are doing out there.  #FireResources

(c) 2019 NW Fire Blog – Updated @ 00:15 PDT 

Disaster News | California Shaken By Large Quake, Aftershocks

UPDATE 1 – JULY 5, 2019 – FRIDAY

A large earthquake shook the Ridgecrest, California area on Thursday, July 4, 2019, which startled a lot of people.

The Kern County EOC was activated due to the large earthquake and aftershocks. This evening, a larger quake measured at 6.9+ with some reports stating as high as a 7.1M occurred, prompting Fire Agencies to start checking their Fire Stations.

Call volume has increased with firefighters responding to calls related to breathing difficulties, structure and grass fires and gas leaks, as well as HAZMAT calls.

SHELTER 

An American Red Cross shelter has been opened at the Kerr McGee Community Center located at 100 W California Avenue, Ridgecrest, CA.

 PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS

How to Prepare for Emergencies | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/mobile-apps.html

When to Do When the Shaking Starts | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/earthquake.html

How to Prep for Aftershocks | https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/earthquake.html

Report Structural Damage | Ridgecrest residents only | 760-499-5083. City or County inspections are onsite.

Donations for Quake Victims | Red Cross | 800-RED-CROSS or go to redcross.org

(c) 2019 NW Fire Blog – Updated @ 2220 Hours PDT

Multiple Earthquakes Shake Japan, Cause Widespread Death and Destruction

INCIDENT SUMMARY

Three large earthquakes have rocked Japan causing widespread damage and major infrastructure ruin in the Kumamoto area and E of the city Uto.  Here are the facts:

Thursday, April 14, 2016.

  • 6.2M. 2126 Hours.  Located 4.3 miles of Ueki, near city of Kumamoto, Japan.

Friday, April 15, 2016.

  • 6.0M.  0003 Hours.  Located 37 miles E of the City Uto, Japan.

Saturday, April 16, 2016.

  • 7.0M.  0125 Hours.  Located 0.6 miles from Kumamoto-Shi.

Epicenter:

  • 74 miles NE of nuclear plant in Kagoshima Prefecture.
  • Southern Japan.
  • Mostly in Kumamoto, Japan.

Historical Facts:

  •  Largest since 2011 [9.0M].
  • Japan has been shaking as far back as 2 yrs ago with quakes in the 4.2M – 5.8M range.
  • Larger Quakes in the 5.9M – 7.1M occurred on 11/13/2015 – 4/15/2016. Could this have been a sign of the upcoming BIG one?

Donation History

  • US poll shows giving almost to $750M for Japan’s 2011 Earthquake recovery.

RESOURCES

Incident Cooperators

  • Japanese Law Enforcement
  • Japanese Fire Personnel
  • Self-Defense Force troops
  •  Military Personnel:  350
  • The Japanese Red Cross
  • USFJ to assist with Airlift Operations
  • Japanese Coast Guard
  • medical Units
  • The government states to provide 20,000 staffing levels

Mutual Aid Pending Deployment

  • U.S. Forces

Logistics

  • Meals.  The Japanese Government is working to acquire 900,000 meals. 3 days worth of food supplies x the number of people evacuated.

Search & Rescue

  • Village of Minamiaso.  The focus has shifted to this village due to many may be entrapped under collapsed structures.
  • Rescue Operations.  Will continue 24/7 including during the evening/night as they are racing against time when they are expecting high winds and torrential rain.

INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Kumamoto airport.  Closed.  All Flights cancelled until April 17, 2016.
  • Hong Kong Flights. Also cancelled.
  • JR Kyushu Railway trains shut down, including Kyushu Shinkansen bullet trains.
  • Nuclear Reactor.  No abnormalities reported by Kyushu Electric Power Co’s Sendai Nuclear Plant in Kagoshima Prefecture. Only 1 operating in Country. All others in Fukushima shut down in 2011 due to tsunami that knocked off the plant’s cooling equipment.
  • Toyota Plant:  work suspended after earthquake.
  • Outages:  100,000 are without power.  105,000 are without gas.  420,000 are without water.  The Japanese chief Cabinet Secretary states water is their highest priority in getting restored.  They are distributing water and other supplies.

EVACUATIONS

  • Nishihara.  Temporary Evacuations due to fear of dam collapse.
  • Japanese Government:  90,000 people evacuated in 681 evacuation centers inside Kumamoto Prefecture area.

INJURIES

  • Kumamoto Hospital.  45 admitted or treated with 5 serious injuries.
  • Social Media:  reporting from 968 – 1500-plus.
  • Japanese Government:  190 severely injured. 807 with minor injuries.

DEATH TOLL

  • Thursday:  9.
  • Saturday:  32.
  • Sunday:  Updated to 35 confirmed by the Japanese government.

DAMAGE REPORTS

  • Uto:  Municipal Building partially destroyed.
  • Assohashi bridge collapsed.
  • ASO Shrine collapsed.
  • Mashiki:  Calls for Help and damage reports given.  Town approximately 800 miles SW of Tokyo.
  • Kumamoto:  90 homes destroyed.
  • Kumamoto: 775 homes destroyed.
  • Major Landslide:  has taken out a highway and communities as it has come down the mountain as images appear all over Social media.
  • Volcano Eruption:  Mount Aso has erupted after Saturday’s earthquake.  No word on if any evacuations are happening in this area or the status of the eruption.

WEATHER

  • Current:  18C degrees. Light rain.

ALERTS

  • No Tsunami alerts, warnings or occurrences have been broadcasted.

MEDIA CONTACTS

  • IFRC Asia Pacific. Red Cross Response Media inquiries.  Rena Igarash. Phone: 818096491577.  redcross.org

PUBLIC INFORMATION

  • Safe & Well. American Red Cross. Register at this site to let Friends and Family know you are safe and well, or if you are searching for a Loved One.  Website:  https://safeandwell.communityos.org/cms/index.php
  •  Five Zero Japan.  Free Wi-Fi access point regardless of carrier.  Code:  “00000JAPAN”
  • Airbnb.  Offering accommodations to those affected by the Japan earthquake. All fees have been waived.  Website:  https://www.airbnb.com/disaster/southernjapanearthquake

HOW TO HELP

  • IFRC Asia Pacific.  Red Cross.  redcross.org.
  • AAR Japan.  Association for Aid & Relief Japan. Works with countries around the globe in disaster relief.  If you wish the funds to be donated specifically to this 2016 quake, indicate “Kumamoto Earthquake”.  Website:  www.aarjapan.gr.jp/english/support
  • Peace Winds America, a disaster preparation and response organization.  focuses on the Asia Pacific.  If donating on this site, make sure to indicate “2016 Kumamoto Earthquake” as the Japan Recovery fund on this site is for the 2011 Quake recovery.  Website:  peacewindamerica.org/support/

SOCIAL MEDIA

  • #JAPANEarthquake
  • #Kumamoto

ABOUT  JAPAN

Japan is an island Country in East Asia that is located in the Pacific Ocean that lies East of the Sea of Japan, the East China Sea, China, North Korea,  South Korea and Russia.  It stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the North of the East China Sea and Taiwan in the South.

Japan is a stratovolcano group of 6,852 islands.   The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyunshu and Shikoku, which make up about 97% of Japan’s land mass.   The Country is divided into 47 prefectures in 8 regions with a total population of 126 million people.  It is considered as the 10th largest world group.  They are considered to make up 95.8% of the population.  Tokyo is home to over 9M people.

Kumamoto is listed as Japan’s 18th largest City with a population of 734,294 people per the 2010 Census stats.

Disclaimer:  All information has been verified to the best of our ability.  Organizations mentioned in this post are not being endorsed by us nor have they been verified as to those we would donated too.  They are simply part of the equation and assisting with recovery and aid to the earthquake victims.  Please verify you are giving to a legitimate organization prior to making a donation.

Sources:  USGS, PM Office of Japan, Earthquakes Japan, Red Cross Japan, Wikipedia Japan, Census and other multitudes of Social Media sources.

(c) 2016 The #NWFireBlog

CHILE QUAKE PROMPTS TSUNAMI COASTAL ALERTS | UPDATE 1

QUAKE SUMMARY

Around 1354 PDT, a M8.3 Earthquake shook Chile with enough force that emergency tsunami warnings began being sounded to neighboring Countries, including the United States coastal communities.

The earthquake is said to be 8 miles deep and located at coordinates 31.6 South, 71.8 West along the Coast near Central Chile.

TSUNAMI WARNINGS

Alert to West Coasts @ 1601PDT 9/16/15

Public Tsunami Info Statement #1 broadcasted by the NWS located in Palmer AK for AK/ BC/ WA /OR and CA.

  • M7.9 earthquake
  • Occurred 1554 PDT or 3:54pm West Coast Time
  • Coordinates: 31.6 S, 71.9 W
  • Depth: 21 miles
  • Location:  Coast near Central Chile

States per their evaluation, these events can occur:

  • Earthquakes of this size can produce large tsunamis outside of the source area.
  • Can be dangerous to coastal areas.
  • The U.S. National Tsunami Center is evaluating the event.
  • The earthquake can produce large Tsunamis causing major damage to areas in the source location.

Reports from Hawaii – 9/16/15 @ 1924 Hours

The NWS from Ewa, Hawaii sends out an alert showing the earthquake has been upgraded to a M8.3

Activity Happening on Coastal areas in CALI – 9/16/15 @ 2245 Hours

An Alert was just broadcasted by Social Media sources that the LAFD will be in Unified Command at 0330 Hours beginning on 9/17/15 with Law Enforcement partners.  Command Post will be at Angels Gate Park in San Pedro.  This is due to the Tsunami Advisory.

RESOURCES

Red Cross

Update your information on the American Red Cross website under “Safe and Well” letting your friends and family know you are safe. This is a great site especially now that a major disaster has occurred.  Check out the site at https://safeandwell.communityos.org/cms/.

SOCIAL MEDIA REPORTS

  • California Closures:  All marinas, beaches and harbors will close at 0400 hours PDT on Thursday, 9/17/15.
  • President Bachelet: “call people evacuated to stay in higher areas.”
  • Australian Schools: Seismic waves from Chile earthquake recorded on seismometers in schools.
  • Alerts:  Tsunami activity expected to arrive in the LA area at 447am tomorrow. Stay off the beach and out of the water.
  • More CA Alerts/Warnings:  National Tsunami Warning Center issues Tsunami Advisory effective now San Onofre-Southeast of LA County-Ragged PtSan Luis Obispo
  • New Zealand on Alert:  Likely to only be a marine threat to the known hot-spot areas of NZ – Chatham Islands, East Cape, Coromandel, and Banks Peninsula.
  • Earthquake History:  Nepal’s April 25 quake was a 7.8, so this is likely to be the biggest earthquake on the planet so far this year.
  • Chileans feel Aftershocks:  Two significant aftershocks already reported from . 6.2M and 6.4M. Larger of two closer to land.
  • Observations:  Perspective: That’s as large as the 1906 earthquake that decimated San Francisco.
  • Injuries:  Chilean Interior minister Burgos asks people to remain calm and confirms no injuries have been reported as of yet.
  • Other areas Alerted:  Warnings for Hawaii and Peru … Quake felt in

MORE INFO TO BE POSTED

More info will be posted as it comes to light. We are thinking of those impacted in Chile and those who have loved ones there.

FOR YOUR SAFETY

Please beware of Coastal changes on the BC, WA, OR, CA Coasts due to a potential threat of large waves, sneeker waves and tsunamis. Please report anything you may see to authorities so they can track them and get necessary warnings out to additional agencies or to the general Public.

If they tell you, that you need to evacuate an area – please don’t question as to why or fight with them to stay.  They are doing their jobs and working to protect you and your family.

Thank you for reading our blog and following along with this Quake Disaster in Chile.

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog

 

 

WA ACTIVE WILDFIRES | SIT REPS | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2015

ALDER LAKE: LOCATION: 7 mi S of Eatonville. CAUSE:Lightning . START: 7/26/15. RESOURCES: 157 Personnel. 7 Crews. 1 Helicopter. 5 Engines. ACREAGE: 280. CONTAINMENT: 17%. THREATENED: 15 residences threatened with 20 minor structures. FIRE BEHAVIOR: Minimal fire observed today due to rain showers. Fire continues to smolder under the thick canopy in the heavy fuel loading. FUTURE ACTIONS: Burnout operations will be conducted t as opportunities present themselves. Primary objective is to stop and hold eastward spread of the fire. The fire has been steadily growing to the east, west, and north.

CARPENTER ROAD FIRE:  LOCATION: 35 mi NW of Spokane; N and E of Carpenter Road and Mudget Lake Road. CAUSE:  Unknown. Under investigation. ACRES: 65,068

[estimated].  CONTAINMENT: 70% RESOURCES:  1030 Personnel including 30 Crews, 6 Helicopters, 62 Engines [Wildland & Structural], 16 Dozers, 17 Water Tenders, 4 Masticators. THREATENED:   300 residences and structures, 5 commercial.  DESTROYED: 17 reported and 14 minor structures. PUBLIC INFO: Closures & Evacuation Info Line: Stevens County EOC: 509 684-7598 or http://www.co.stevens.wa.us or Spokane Tribal Police: 509 258-4400.

CHELAN COMPLEX [Merged into the OKANOGAN COMPLEX]: 1 mile S of Chelan. Cause unknown.  Complex includes:  Reach Fire, Black Canyon Fire, McFarland Creek Fire, Cagle Fire and Antoine Fire.  Start 8/14/15 @ 0500 Hours PDT.   150 commercial property; 650 minor structures; 23 minor structures destroyed along with 21 residences. 697 Personnel. 11 Crews.  57 Engines. 75% Contained.

COUGAR CREEK FIRE:  LOCATION: 6 mi NW of Glenwood. CAUSE: Lightning. START: 8/10/15 @ 1800 Hours PDT. CONTAINMENT:  97%.  RESOURCES:  527 Personnel. 14 Crews. 2 Helicopters.  23 Engines. THREATENED:  10 minor structures.Today firefighters will continue mopping up and improving the strength of existing containment lines.

GRIZZLY BEAR COMPLEX:  LOCATION: 20 miles SE of Dayton, WA; Wenaha-Tucannon Wilderness. START: 8/13/15.  CAUSE:  Lightning. THREATS/DESTROYED: 45 threatened; 5 reported destroyed. RESOURCES:  885 Personnel. 17 Crews. 5 Helicopters. 25 Engines. ACREAGE:  75,268.  CONTAINMENT: 37%.

KANISKU COMPLEX:  LOCATION:  l5 miles NW of Newport, Wa. CAUSE:  Lightning. START: 8/18/15.. THREATENED: 1,334; multiple residences threatened; 70 multiple residences and Mixed commercial-residential,152; non-residential, commercial property. RESOURCES:  773 Personnel. 14 Crews. 6 Helicopters. 19 Engines. ACREAGE: 26,175. CONTAINMENT: 40%. Tower Fire:  24,296 Acres. 35% Containment.

KETTLE COMPLEX:  LOCATION: 26 mi NW of Colville. Colville National Forest, private, DNR. IC:  Chris Schulte – Pacific NW Team 2; Tony Falco – British Columbia Forestry.  CONTAINMENT:  44%.  ACTIVE FIRES: Stickpin Fire:  54,554 Acres. 34% Containment. Graves Mtn Fire:  8587 Acres. 55% Contained.  Roy Fire:  120 Acres. 100% Contained. Renner Fire:  13,519 Acres. 59% Contained. COMPLEX TOTALS:  CONTAINMENT:  44%. RESOURCES:  895 Personnel.  22 Crews. 4 Helicopters. 37 Engines. THREATENED:  2,894 residences and 70 mixed commercial and residential threatened; 1 reported destroyed.

NORTH STAR FIRE:  LOCATION. 25 miles N of Coulee Dam on the Colville Indian Reservation. CAUSE: Human. THREATENED:  3,000 homes, 225 commercial properties, 1,000 other structures. RESOURCES: 1359 Personnel. 27 Crews. 6Helicopters. 83 Engines. ACREAGE: 209,504 Acres. CONTAINMENT: 37% Contained.

OKANOGAN COMPLEX [Merged into the CHELAN COMPLEX]: LOCATION: 7-11 miles NE and NW of Omak.

Okanogan Complex Stats: 

RESOURCES:  1300 Personnel. 25 Crews. 9 Helicopters. 73 Engines. 11 Dozers. 22 Water Tenders. 9 Skidgines and 1 Masticator. ACREAGE: 148,780 Acres. CONTAINMENT: 70%. COST-TO-DATE:. $33.9M INJURIES: 7. DESTROYED: 123 Residences and 72 confirmed destroyed. FIRES IN COMPLEX:  Lime Belt Fire:  132,838 Acres. 60% Contained.Twisp Fire:  11,222 Acres.  98% Containment. Nine Mile Fire:  4720 Acres. 98% Containment.

Chelan Complex Stats: 

RESOURCES: 704 Personnel. 11 Crews.  57 Engines. 5 Dozers. 14 Water Tenders. 4 skidgines and 1 masticator. ACRES: 93,896. CONTAINMENT: 75% Contained. COST-TO-DATE: $16.9M . DESTROYED:  23 Homes burned. INJURIES: 9.

[Editor’s Note:  “Thank You to all firefighters, both Wildland and Structure for your tireless efforts, dedication, commitment and most of all saving lives and property.  For the remaining crews, please continue to keep them in your thoughts and prayers.  #EveryoneGoesHome.”]

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog

WA ACTIVE WILDFIRES | SIT REPS | SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 2015

ALDER LAKE: 7 mi S of Eatonville. . Lightning caused. Started 7/26/15. 143 Personnel. 280 Acres. 17% contained. Burn-out operations being conducted.

CARPENTER ROAD FIRE: 35 mi NW of Spokane; N and E of Carpenter Road and Mudget Lake Road. Cause still unknown but under investigation. 65,068 Acres

Delta crew on Division Z work to cut open a hot spot, swamp off the cut portions and extinguish the heat with a hose.

Vlad Kulikovskiy-sawer; John Dobrovolskiy-swamper and Tom Greiling-hoseman [Delta crew in Zulu Division] working on a hot spot on the Carpenter Road Fire. [Credit: Gabe Pease-Madore]

[estimated].  70% Containment.  1030 Personnel including 30 Crews, 6 Helicopters, 62 Engines [Wildland & Structural], 16 Dozers, 17 Water Tenders, 4 Masticators. A spike camp has been created for 150 people in Valley at the District #4 Fire Station. Closures & Evacuation Info Line: Stevens County EOC: 509 684-7598 or http://www.co.stevens.wa.us or Spokane Tribal Police: 509 258-4400.

CHELAN COMPLEX [Merged into the OKANOGAN COMPLEX]: 1 mile S of Chelan. Cause unknown.  Complex includes:  Reach Fire, Black Canyon Fire, McFarland Creek Fire, Cagle Fire and Antoine Fire.  Start 8/14/15 @ 0500 Hours PDT.  659 Personnel.  93,896 Acres. 75% Contained. Continuing to patrol & hold containment lines. With low humidity, warmer temps – fire expected to spread to the West.

COUGAR CREEK FIRE: 6 mi NW of Glenwood. Lightning caused.  Start 8/10/15 @ 1800 Hours PDT. 527 Personnel.  53,523 Acres. 97% Contained.

KETTLE COMPLEX: 26 mi NW of Colville. Colville National Forest, private, DNR.  Fire personnel working these fires are from 30 states (including WA) and BC Columbia Canada. IC:  Chris Schulte – Pacific NW Team 2; Tony Falco – British Columbia Forestry.  Fires in this Complex: Stickpin Fire: 54,554 Acres.  34% Contained. 

Military personnel guard a road closure.

Boulder Creek road closure manned by military personnel. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

Graves Mtn Fire:  8587 Acres. 55% Contained.  Roy Fire:  120 Acres. 100% Contained. Renner Fire:  13,519 Acres. 59% Contained. Continue line construction and improvements on the north, south, and east flanks of Stickpin in unified command with B.C. Wildfire Service. Burnout unburned fuels between main fire and containment lines when appropriate.  979 Personnel. 76,780 Acres. 44% Contained. Fire Managers:  Increased fire activity and movement is expected.

NORTH STAR FIRE:  25 miles N of Coulee Dam on the Colville Indian Reservation. Human caused. 1359 Personnel. 209,504 Acres. 37% Contained. Surface fuels vary from patchy in higher elevations of the fires to continuous in mid-slope and lower elevations of the fire. Fuel moisture conditions generally are driest on the south.

A view of the grounds at the Omak ICP

Omak ICP on the North Star Fire. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

OKANOGAN COMPLEX [Merged into the CHELAN COMPLEX]: 7-11 miles NE and NW of Omak.

Okanogan Complex Stats: 

1107 Personnel. 16 Crews. 72 Engines. 11 Dozers. 22 Water Tenders. 9 Helicopters. 9 Skidgines and 1 Masticator. 148,780 Acres. 60% Containment. $33.9M Cost-to-Date. 7 Injuries. 123 Residences burned. Fires in Complex:  Lime Belt Fire:  132,838 Acres. 60% Contained.

Large group of people at morning briefing

AM Briefing on the Okanogan Complex fire [Courtesy: Inciweb]

Twisp Fire:  11,222 Acres.  98% Containment. Nine Mile Fire:  4720 Acres. 98% Containment. | Chelan Complex Stats:  704 Personnel. 93,896 Acres. 75% Contained. $16.9M Cost-to-Date. 23 Homes burned. 9 Injuries. 11 Crews.  57 Engines. 5 Dozers. 14 Water Tenders. 4 skidgines and 1 masticator.

[Editor’s Note:  “Thank You to all firefighters, both Wildland and Structure for your tireless efforts, dedication, commitment and most of all saving lives and property.  For the remaining crews, please continue to keep them in your thoughts and prayers.  #EveryoneGoesHome.”]

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog

WA ACTIVE WILDFIRES | SIT REPS | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015

We’ve been a little busy, so we apologize for us missing Thursday.  Here is Friday’s SitRep.

ALDER LAKE: 7 mi S of Eatonville. . Lightning caused. Started 7/26/15. 143 Personnel. 280 Acres. 17% contained. Burn-out operations being conducted.

ICP at sunset courtesy of Larry Bickel

Alder Lake ICP at Sunset. [Photo Credit: Larry Bickel]

CARPENTER ROAD FIRE: 35 mi NW of Spokane; N and E of Carpenter Road and Mudget Lake Road. Cause still unknown but under investigation. 64,903 Acres [estimated].  55% Containment.  988 Personnel including 29 Crews, 5 Helicopters, 68 Engines [Wildland & Structural], 22 Dozers, 20 Water Tenders, 3 Masticators.

Work in Division B while on the Carpenter Road Fire.

Work in Division B by Summit FD Firefighters from Arizona on the Carpenter Road Fire. [Credit: Carlos Luna]

CHELAN COMPLEX [Merged into the OKANOGAN COMPLEX]: 1 mile S of Chelan. Cause unknown.  Complex includes:  Reach Fire, Black Canyon Fire, McFarland Creek Fire, Cagle Fire and Antoine Fire.  Start 8/14/15 @ 0500 Hours PDT.  659 Personnel.  93,896 Acres. 75% Contained. Continuing to patrol & hold containment lines. With low humidity, warmer temps – fire expected to spread to the West.

COUGAR CREEK FIRE: 6 mi NW of Glenwood. Lightning caused.  Start 8/10/15 @ 1800 Hours PDT. 550 Personnel.  53,462 Acres. 62% Contained. Continuing to building containment lines on the North and West portions of the fire. BAER Team has arrived, assessing burned areas and what is needed for fire.

KETTLE COMPLEX: 26 mi NW of Colville. Colville National Forest, private, DNR.  Fire personnel working these fires are from 30 states (including WA) and BC Columbia Canada. Previously report of 1 home destroyed is now being reported as no injuries or

Photo of firefighter cutting a tree.

Professional Tree faller removing hazardous trees along Boulder Creek on the Kettle Complex. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

homes destroyed.  991 Personnel. 76,864 Acres. 43% Contained.  East flank is in Unified Command with BC Wildfire Service [Stickpin Fire].  Firefighters still working on other fires in this Complex: Stickpin Fire, Graves Mtn Fire, Roy Fire and Renner Fires.

NORTH STAR FIRE:  25 miles N of Coulee Dam. Human caused. 1219 Personnel. 207,641 Acres. 30% Contained. Fire still active. Some areas mop-up operations occurring. Other areas is in an extended attack.

A view of the grounds at the Omak ICP

Omak ICP on the North Star Fire. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

OKANOGAN COMPLEX [Merged into the CHELAN COMPLEX]: 7-11 miles NE and NW of Omak.

Okanogan Complex Stats: 

1107 Personnel. 16 Crews. 72 Engines. 11 Dozers. 21 Water Tenders. 9 Helicopters. 148,780 Acres. 60% Containment. $32.433M Cost-to-Date. 7 Injuries. 123 Residences burned. Fires in Complex:  Lime Belt Fire:  132,838 Acres. 55% Contained.

Fire crew is seen with fuel can filling drip torches.

Fire Crew preparing for Burnout Operations. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

Twisp Fire:  11,222 Acres.  98% Containment. Nine Mile Fire:  4720 Acres. 98% Containment. | Chelan Complex Stats:  659 Personnel. 93,896 Acres. 75% Contained. $15.9M Cost-to-Date. 23 Homes burned. 9 Injuries. 11 Crews.  42 Engines. 5 Dozers. 14 Water Tenders.

[Editor’s Note:  “Thank You to all firefighters, both Wildland and Structure for your tireless efforts, dedication, commitment and most of all saving lives and property.  For the remaining crews, please continue to keep them in your thoughts and prayers.  #EveryoneGoesHome.”]

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog

WA ACTIVE WILDFIRES | SIT REPS | WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 2015

Here are the morning SitReps for Washington State Fires this Saturday.

Mop up on Alder Lake Fire courtesy of Fred Way

Conducting mop-up operations on the Alder Lake Fire. [Photo Courtesy: Fred Way]

ALDER LAKE: 7 mi S of Eatonville. . Lightning caused. Started 7/26/15. 126 Personnel. 275 Acres. 17% contained. Burn-out operations being conducted.

Chance of showers during the next operational period are expected.

CARPENTER ROAD FIRE: 35 mi NW of Spokane; N and E of Carpenter Road and Mudget Lake Road. Cause still unknown but under investigation. Timber and grass. 870 Personnel.

Night on the line

Night on the Fire Line on the Carpenter Road Fire [Courtesy: Inciweb]

65,346 Acres. 45% Contained.  Continued structure protection, build lines and pick up stops.  HAZMAT Identification will continue.

CHELAN COMPLEX [Merged into the OKANOGAN COMPLEX]: 1 mile S of Chelan. Cause unknown. Complex includes:  Reach Fire, Black Canyon Fire, McFarland Creek Fire, Cagle Fire and Antoine Fire.  Start 8/14/15 @ 0500 Hours PDT.  688 Personnel.  93,694 Acres. 55% Contained. Continuing to patrol & hold containment lines. Due to rough conditions, North side of fire proving to be difficult for firefighters, as steep hillsides and unlevel footing.

–> First Creek Fire: 6800 Acres. 33% contained. Threatened: 420 single residences, 73 multi-unit residences, 63 minor other structures. Damaged: 22 commercial structures. Destroyed: 12 Homes. 7 other structures. 265 Personnel. 9 Crews. 22 Engines.

–> Wolverine Fire: 3 mi NW of Lucerne. Start 6/29/15. Lightning. Threatened: 121 single homes, 80 mixed, 75 minor structures and 12 non-residential commercial structures. Fuels: Timber, brush. 226 Personnel. 1 Crew. 1 Helicopter. 17 Engines. 64,849 Acres. 29% contained.

https://i2.wp.com/inciweb.nwcg.gov/photos/WANES/2015-08-23-1432-Colville-Complex/medium/2015_08_29-15.45.03.575-CDT.jpeg

Military Helicopter on the Colville Complex Fire. [Photo Credit: Ricky and Diana Blakesley]

COLVILLE COMPLEX: 10 miles radius of Kettle Falls. Stevens and Ferry Counties. Human caused. Includes the Gold Hill and the Marble Valley Fires.  Start 8/14/15 @ 1645 Hours PDT. No cause listed. 431 Personnel.  11,522 Acres. 96% Contained. Currently in mop-up operations. [ This is the last update ]

 

COUGAR CREEK FIRE: 6 mi NW of Glenwood. Lightning caused.  Start 8/10/15 @ 1800 Hours PDT. 538 Personnel.  53,162 Acres. 60% Contained. On Tuesday, 9 North Cascades Smokejumpers were inserted into

A photo from the 255 road. Fire is seen burning in timber and grass in half of the photo, and smoke and fire is seen in the other half of the photo.

Burnout operations on the 255 Road/Cougar Creek. [Photo Credit: Amanda Hildenbrand]

Division V [N of Mt Adams] as this is the critical location near the fire.  The conditions are very steep and dangerous. Southern California Interagency Incident Management Team 3 (SCIIMT3) took command of the Cougar Creek Fire as of 8/31/2015 at 0600

KETTLE COMPLEX: 26 mi NW of Colville. Colville National Forest, private, DNR.  Fire personnel working these fires are from 30 states (including Washington) and British Columbia Canada. Previously report of 1 home destroyed is now being reported as no injuries or homes destroyed.  1093 Personnel. 76,216 Acres. 17% Contained. PNW Team 2 assumed command of the HOPPS Helibase at 0600 PDT on 9/1/15.

Firefighters cooling a hot section during a burn out process.

When conducting a burnout operation, firefighters keep the fire from creating enough heat to throw spots across the line. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

Fires in Complex

  • Stickpin Fire: 54,370 Acres. 20% Contained.
  • Graves Mtn Fire: 8617 Acres.  80% Contained.
  • Roy Fire: 120 Acres. 80% Contained.
  • Renner Fires:  13,109 Acres.  15% Contained.

Red Cross Shelters:

  • Grace Evangelical Free Church, 851 S. Miner St., Colville
  • American Legion, 1057 Highway 395 N, Kettle Falls
  • Inchelium Community Health Center, 39 Shortcut Road, Inchelium, WA.

NORTH STAR FIRE: 25 miles N of Coulee Dam. Human caused. 1044 Acres. 205,331 Acres. 25% Contained. 30-40% chance of increased humidity and winds gusting to 25 mph are expecting. Continued structure protection is in process.  The Fire perimeter is 194 miles long, which is the distance from Spokane to Yakima.  An earthquake 4.3M was

North Star Fire August 15, 2015

The North Star Fire on August 15, 2015. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

recorded occurring yesterday.

OKANOGAN COMPLEX [Merged into the CHELAN COMPLEX]: 7-11 miles NE and NW of Omak. This is being managed by the CAL IM Team #5. Lightning caused. Destroyed: 94 homes, 63 other structures. Fuels: Timber and short grass.1253 Personnel.  147,979 Acres. 45% Contained. Continued fire suppression efforts indirectly and direct. Cooperating Partners:  WA DNR, Okanagon-Wenatchee NF, BLM-Spokane District, Colville Agency, Conconully Fire Department and Okanogan Fire Districts 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 16.

Structure protection

Structure Protection on the Okanogan Complex, taken on August 21, 2015. [Courtesy: Inciweb]

Other fires included in this Complex:

  • Lime Belt Fire. 132,037 Acres. 35% Contained.
  • Twisp River Fire.  11,222 Acres.  98% Contained.
  • Nine Mile Fire. 4720 Acres. 98% Contained.

TUCANNON FIRE:  20 miles E of Dayton.  Started 8/29/15 @ 0930 PDT . 149 Personnel.  2630 Acres.  70% Contained.

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog

7.9M #NepalQuake | The Worst Disaster in Nepalese History in 80 Years

INCIDENT SUMMARY

Earthquake

On Saturday April 25th, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck the Lamjung District of Nepal, around 1211 NPT [Seattle is 12 hrs 45 mins behind].

21 aftershocks have also struck the region including a 5.2 in the mountains causing a landslide on Mt. Everest.

It was the biggest earthquake to strike the country in 80 years. The earthquake was felt across the region from India to China and left immense destruction, flattening sections of Kathmandu and triggering avalanches in mount Everest.

Mt. Everest Landslide.

17 people have been reportedly killed when the face of the mountain slide down on to Camps 1 and 2 below after a 5.2M earthquake [aftershock] triggered a landslide.

Sources:  Humanity Road.org, Wikipedia.

SOCIAL MEDIA / VIDEO OF DISASTER

CASUALITIES

  • The country’s Police Department put the death toll at 1,382, with almost 4,482 injured.
  • Another 20 were killed in India, six in Tibet and two in Bangladesh. Two Chinese citizens died at the Nepal-China border. Given the scale of the destruction, the death toll is almost certain to rise, said Home Ministry official Laxmi Dhakal.
  • Death Toll rises to 2500. http://news.yahoo.com/death-toll-nepal-earthquake-passes-1-000-police-160548831.html;_ylt=AwrTHQ9TYT1VORUAMcxXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTEzMTM1OTQzBGNvbG8DZ3ExBHBvcwMxBHZ0aWQDU01FODM3XzEEc2VjA3Nj

Sources:  Nepal PD, AP News, CNN, Yahoo News.

Overwhelming visible crumbled buildings seen, emotional damaged people not so much. [Photo Credit: World Vision USA]

Overwhelming visible crumbled buildings seen, emotional damaged people not so much. [Photo Credit: World Vision USA]

DAMAGE

Initial government reports confirm that 30 out of 75 districts in the country have been affected in the Western and Central Regions, including Kathmandu Valley districts. This includes mountain and hilly areas, in areas where rural populations are dispersed, as well as some very densely populated districts and Nepal’s two largest cities – greater Kathmandu and Pokhara.  The worst affected districts include Sindulpalchowk, Kavre, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Dolakha in the CR and Kaski, Gorkha, Lamjung in the western region.

Sources:  Humanity Road.org

Conditions survivors are living in. [Photo Credit: World Vision USA]

Conditions survivors are living in. [Photo Credit: World Vision USA]

IMMEDIATE NEEDS

  • Medical/Emergency Supplies:  for hospitals and clinics.
  • Medical Teams: Supplies, tenting for hospitals, body bags.
  • Temporary morgues.
  • Search & Rescue Resources:  equipment and teams.
  • Heavy Equipment:  for rubble removal.
  • Air Support:  Helicopters for transport and access to blocked areas. 

Sources:  Humanity Road.org

CURRENT NEEDS

  • Kathmandu (coordinates: 27.684744,85.285492) Ashram staff report that 100 children in need of water, food and shelter after severe damage to orphanage www.auronepal.net. via email sent to Humanityroad requesting help.
  • Sankhu (coordinates: 27.513321,85.335869).  Main town of Pukhulachhi Village Development Committee (VDC) of Kathmandu District in the northwestern Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Unconfirmed reports that 90% of buildings have been destroyed, 400 people have died, there is no ambulance, and no rescue teams have arrived.
  • Gorkha (coordinates: 27.995649,84.628273). Western (Pashchimanchal) region, in zone Gandaki. Reports of 80% of parts of Gorkha destroyed and search & rescue and medical help urgently needed.  According to the Gorkha Police District Office, 94 died so far in Gorkha. Rescue is going on but more manpower is needed   
  • Thaiti, in Khatmandu.  Unconfirmed report that about 100 people need food.  Call 9818272055, 9841782909
  • Lalitpur (coordinates: 27.666300,85.309799). Region Central (Madhyamanchal), Zone Bagmati.  No power and no water supply.  
  • Pashupati Ghat – Radio reports Pashupati ghat is filled with bodies. They haven’t been able to cut wood to cremate bodies because of a lack of electricity. 
  • Langtang Village (coordinates: 28.266701,85.616699). Langtang is a region in Nepal to the north of Kathmandu and bordering Tibet.  Avalanche overwhelms Langtang village, over 100 feared dead | http://goo.gl/VLfM3c
  • Sindhupalchowk (coordinates:27.951203,85.684578) Sindhupalchowk is a part of the Bagmati zone district north of Kathmandu. Impacts include collapsed buildings and walls especially historic buildings in centres, but less overall damage and collapse of buildings than expected. The majority of people remain outside houses for the second consecutive night. 
  • Kavre (coordinates:27.525942, 85.561210) District east of Kathmandu. Reported death toll at 60. Earthquake destroyed hospital, road building in Kavre district of Nepal. Dhulikhel hospital, Scheer memorial hospital in Banepa managing emergency situation. Threat of landslides. 
  • Nuwakot (coordinates: 28.137853, 83.872482) Bagmati zone district north of Kathmandu.State TV reports 126 deaths. Most houses destroyed, lack of tents or shelter as it continues to rain. 
  • Rasuwa (coordinates: 27.083333, 86.433333) Smallest district in the Bagmati zone, about 120km north of Kathmandu. Most buildings destroyed. Reported 17 army personnel and 60 people trapped under rubble in Trisuli hydropower tunnel, Rasuwa.
  • Dolakha (coordinates: 27.778429, 86.175176) Part of the Janakpur zone north of Katmandu. Many houses destroyed. Poor mostly affected. 
  • Lamjung (coordinates: 28.282869,84.440819) Village northwest of Kathmandu.Gorkha, Dhading, Sindhupalanchowk, lamjung and other need immediate rescue operations.Please Share.Entire Village has been damaged.These places has been affected very badly need immediate relief like food water and tent. 
  • Barpak (coordinates:28.210368,84.742003)  Barpak is a village situated in the northern part of the Gorkha district. It is located about 1900 m above sea level. Report of all but 4 of the 1200 houses destroyed. Village has been reached by helicopter and 120 wounded evacuated. 
  • Dhading (coordinates:27.441990,85.079597) Village in Narayani district. Gorkha, Dhading, Sindhupalanchowk, lamjung and other need immediate rescue operations.Please Share.Entire Village has been damaged.These places has been affected very badly need immediate relief like food water and tent.

Sources:  Humanity Road.org

MEDICAL NEEDS

  • Medical Staff:  Doctors and nurses are needed for a medical team headed to Gorkha.  They should contact @ajayuprety (9813550495) asap.
  • Blood donations:  shortage of certain blood types. Please call Dr. Manita at 98510-84500 at Nepal Red Cross Blood Bank. 
  • Call Out to All Doctors:  InCrisisRelief is recruiting doctors to go to Nepal.  They will arrange transport.  Contact @InCrisisRelief. 

Sources:  Humanity Road.org

 

Living conditions are very poor. [Photo Credit: World Vision USA]

Living conditions are very poor. [Photo Credit: World Vision USA]

INFRASTRUCTURE

Transportation

  • Kathmandu airport: Shut down on Saturday resulting in the cancellation of Indian flights bound for the capital city.  For the purpose of the public travel please check with your airline before travel.  

Sources:  Indian Times.

DISASTER PARTNERS / 1ST RESPONDERS

  • Nepal Red Cross:  Volunteers and staff of Nepal Red Cross Society are working on the ground assisting in search and rescue efforts and administering first aid to the injured. The Red Cross in Nepal has extensive experience in responding to natural disasters and plays a lead role in the government’s contingency plans for such disasters. The Red Cross blood bank in Kathmandu is also providing blood supplies to the main medical facilities in the capital.  https://www.ifrc.org/en/news-and-media/news-stories/

Sources:  Nepal Red Cross.

PEOPLE FINDER RESOURCES

Sources:  Google, Facebook.

BECOME A HERO.  HELP DONATE TO DISASTER RELIEF.

Sources:  Web.

ABOUT KATHMANDU, THE EPICENTER

  • Capital: of Nepal and largest metro City in Country. 
  • Population:  3Million
  • Location:  Surrounded by four major mountains:  Shivapuri, Phulchowki, nagarjun and Chandragiri.
  • Geography: sits in the bowl-shaped valley in central Nepal.
  • Elevation:  stands at 1400m or 4600 ft.
  • Tourism: is the gateway to Tourism. Voted as Top #3 on TripAdvisor’s Top #10 Best Travel Destinations.

Sources:  Wikipedia, WikiTravel.

 ABOUT NEPAL, THE COUNTRY

  • Population:  Almost 31million
  • Location:  Located in Southern Asia between China and India. 
  • Ethnicity/race: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census
  • Capital:  Kathmandu [population 1.015million]
  • Peaks:  Contains 8 out of 10’s world’s highest peaks.
  • Languages:  123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English
  • Religion:  Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011)
  • Literacy rate: 57.4% (2011)
  • Telephones: main lines in use: 834,000 (2013); mobile cellular: 18.1382 million (2013).
  • Broadcast media: state operates 2 TV stations as well as national and regional radio stations; roughly 30 independent TV channels are registered with only about half in regular operation; nearly 400 FM radio stations are licensed with roughly 300 operational (2007).
  • Internet hosts: 41,256 (2012).
  • Internet users: 577,800 (2009).
  • Railways: total: 59 km (2008).
  • Roadways: total: 10,844 km; paved: 4,952 km; unpaved: 5,892 km (2010).
  • Airports: 47 (2013).

Sources:  Wikipedia, Fact Monster.

We will provide more photos, videos and updates as we receive them from our sources.

[c] 2015 The NW Fire Blog

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